How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?

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How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?

Cor van de Water
Little question for the DC motor experts here:
When my EV is off, the motor is essentially unloaded
as I removed the power steering belt and also the
automatic transmission has no pressure so it will
rotate freely (this is noticeable when I place the
gear in Park and turn off the car, the motor will
spool down from "idle" (which is about 200-300 RPM)
until standstill in several minutes with a distinct
screeching sound that I attribute to the brushes
moving across the commutator.

Now, when I grab the pulley at the tail shaft, I can
easily rotate the motor, but I notice that the resistance
in the normal driving direction is much larger (and is
accompanied by the soft screeching sound from the brushes)
while rotating the shaft counter-clockwise (seen at the
tail shaft pulley) will run much lighter.
Something in me says that the normal rotation direction
should result in the smoother and easier turning, but I
can also reason that pushing the brushes backwards will
lift their surface from the comm and result in lower
friction. In reverse I do not hear the soft screeching
from brushes.
I wanted to check with the experts here that these are
correct observations, as I am still hunting for the
reason of the bad efficiency of my DC conversion with
automatic transmission.

BTW, yesterday I drained the transmission fluid, it was
indeed overfilled as normal it should have 3-4 quarts
and I could not get all oil in a gallon milk jug, so
it was probably 4.5 quarts in there. I put 3 quarts
back in, I did not notice much improvement though.

Cor van de Water
Chief Scientist
Proxim Wireless Corporation http://www.proxim.com
Email: [hidden email]    Private: http://www.cvandewater.com
Skype: cor_van_de_water     XoIP: +31877841130
Tel: +1 408 383 7626        Tel: +91 (040)23117400 x203

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Re: How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?

KilowattA798
In a message dated 7/5/2012 1:54:42 PM US Mountain Standard Time,
[hidden email] writes:
> Subj:[EVDL] How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?
> Date:7/5/2012 1:54:42 PM US Mountain Standard Time
> From:[hidden email]
> Reply-to:[hidden email]
> To:[hidden email]
> Received from Internet:
>

I think the soft screching you hear are well seated brushes.I bet they have
a mirror like finish.
Dennis Berube

>
>
> Little question for the DC motor experts here:
> When my EV is off, the motor is essentially unloaded
> as I removed the power steering belt and also the
> automatic transmission has no pressure so it will
> rotate freely (this is noticeable when I place the
> gear in Park and turn off the car, the motor will
> spool down from "idle" (which is about 200-300 RPM)
> until standstill in several minutes with a distinct
> screeching sound that I attribute to the brushes
> moving across the commutator.
>
> Now, when I grab the pulley at the tail shaft, I can
> easily rotate the motor, but I notice that the resistance
> in the normal driving direction is much larger (and is
> accompanied by the soft screeching sound from the brushes)
> while rotating the shaft counter-clockwise (seen at the
> tail shaft pulley) will run much lighter.
> Something in me says that the normal rotation direction
> should result in the smoother and easier turning, but I
> can also reason that pushing the brushes backwards will
> lift their surface from the comm and result in lower
> friction. In reverse I do not hear the soft screeching
> from brushes.
> I wanted to check with the experts here that these are
> correct observations, as I am still hunting for the
> reason of the bad efficiency of my DC conversion with
> automatic transmission.
>
> BTW, yesterday I drained the transmission fluid, it was
> indeed overfilled as normal it should have 3-4 quarts
> and I could not get all oil in a gallon milk jug, so
> it was probably 4.5 quarts in there. I put 3 quarts
> back in, I did not notice much improvement though.
>
> Cor van de Water
> Chief Scientist
> Proxim Wireless Corporation http://www.proxim.com
> Email: [hidden email]    Private: http://www.cvandewater.com
> Skype: cor_van_de_water     XoIP: +31877841130
> Tel: +1 408 383 7626        Tel: +91 (040)23117400 x203
>
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Re: How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?

Roland Wiench
In reply to this post by Cor van de Water
Hello Cor,

I have two motors on the bench that I just turn CW and CCW.  One is a GE-11
and one is a WarP-9.  The GE is smooth as glass in either direction and the
WarP-9 which I did not detail yet, has a slight resistance in the CCW
direction.

The GE motor has the communtator polish to a micro mirror surface which is
V-groove slightly between the communtator bars. The brushes angle greatly in
the CW direction where the face of the brushes bridges four communtator
bars.

The WarP-9 motor has a rough lathe surface with no V-grooves between the
communtator.  The brushes also are angle in the CW direction, but not
greatly angle like the GE motor.  The edges of the communtator bars are
rough and sharp which would dig into the sharp edge of the brushes when
going into the CCW direction.

Another thing that causes the increase resistance in the CW rotation with a
torque converter, is the torque converter blades are curve in the CW
rotation which will increases the resistance.

Roland


----- Original Message -----
From: "Cor van de Water" <[hidden email]>
To: "Electric Vehicle Discussion List" <[hidden email]>
Sent: Thursday, July 05, 2012 2:52 PM
Subject: [EVDL] How hard is it to turn a DC motor counter/clockwise?


> Little question for the DC motor experts here:
> When my EV is off, the motor is essentially unloaded
> as I removed the power steering belt and also the
> automatic transmission has no pressure so it will
> rotate freely (this is noticeable when I place the
> gear in Park and turn off the car, the motor will
> spool down from "idle" (which is about 200-300 RPM)
> until standstill in several minutes with a distinct
> screeching sound that I attribute to the brushes
> moving across the commutator.
>
> Now, when I grab the pulley at the tail shaft, I can
> easily rotate the motor, but I notice that the resistance
> in the normal driving direction is much larger (and is
> accompanied by the soft screeching sound from the brushes)
> while rotating the shaft counter-clockwise (seen at the
> tail shaft pulley) will run much lighter.
> Something in me says that the normal rotation direction
> should result in the smoother and easier turning, but I
> can also reason that pushing the brushes backwards will
> lift their surface from the comm and result in lower
> friction. In reverse I do not hear the soft screeching
> from brushes.
> I wanted to check with the experts here that these are
> correct observations, as I am still hunting for the
> reason of the bad efficiency of my DC conversion with
> automatic transmission.
>
> BTW, yesterday I drained the transmission fluid, it was
> indeed overfilled as normal it should have 3-4 quarts
> and I could not get all oil in a gallon milk jug, so
> it was probably 4.5 quarts in there. I put 3 quarts
> back in, I did not notice much improvement though.
>
> Cor van de Water
> Chief Scientist
> Proxim Wireless Corporation http://www.proxim.com
> Email: [hidden email]    Private: http://www.cvandewater.com
> Skype: cor_van_de_water     XoIP: +31877841130
> Tel: +1 408 383 7626        Tel: +91 (040)23117400 x203
>
> _______________________________________________
> | Moratorium on drag racing discussion is in effect.
> | Please take those discussions elsewhere.  Thanks.
> |
> | REPLYING: address your message to [hidden email] only.
> | Multiple-address or CCed messages may be rejected.
> | UNSUBSCRIBE: http://www.evdl.org/help/index.html#usub
> | OTHER HELP: http://evdl.org/help/
> | CONFIGURE: http://lists.sjsu.edu/mailman/listinfo/ev
>

_______________________________________________
| Moratorium on drag racing discussion is in effect.
| Please take those discussions elsewhere.  Thanks.
|
| REPLYING: address your message to [hidden email] only.
| Multiple-address or CCed messages may be rejected.
| UNSUBSCRIBE: http://www.evdl.org/help/index.html#usub
| OTHER HELP: http://evdl.org/help/
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