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Solar trike project.

Electric Vehicle Discussion List mailing list
Hello all,
As some of you might know I have been obsessed with solar vehicles for a few years.  After the success of Team Einhoven  for many years I have a project which is 1/4 the size of their machine and for me a good place to start economically while doable physically.  I have found a source of solar cells on ebay(might not be the best quality but I didn't look long.  I can always change the supplier) 100 cells will give me a 355w panel at 50 to 60 volts. 1/4 the power of Stella Lux.  I could run a 48v system.  Maybe a little more.  7 to 8 Leaf cells would give me 3.5 to 4kw system. 50.2 to 57 volt system.  The panel would be roughly equivalent to the pack in voltage making the charging semi simple.  I have no experience charging lithium or in building a 3 foot by 6 foot solar panel but aside from this the main challenge will be encapsulating not only the solar cells but the trike to get very good coefficient of drag.  My speed will also be less.  I want to top out at 30mph level ground under power.  This vehicle will be a moped under California law maxing out at 2000 watts motive power.  I already bought the trike for 600 dollars.  The cells will cost less than 250 dollars including shipping.  The Leaf cells of which I need 8 are negotiable.  Then the electric conversion kit for the Terra trike.  Charger and BMS.  If I have done my math I may get my 30mph top speed on level ground just using the solar panels.  But I'd be happy with 25 mph.  I need an efficient 2000 watt drive train. I'm leaning toward a hub motor. I need good BMS and charger and maybe an inverter or some way of putting power to the batteries without burning them up if I go old school bad boy.  Thanks for any advice. Lawrence Rhodeshttps://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/5b/8f/f8/5b8ff8d7102813a71db79d470e7e52a9.jpg
Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo

 
|  
|  
|  
|   |    |

   |

  |
|  
|    |  
Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
 All-weather trike  |   |

  |

  |

 https://www.pinterest.com/pin/22447698114328862/
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Re: Solar trike project.

Electric Vehicle Discussion List mailing list
Lawrence,

Go to LunaCycle.com and look at the Bafang BBS02 mid drive.  These are far
more versatile than a hub motor because you can use the trike's gearing,
making real-life hills MUCH easier.  The BBS01 is officially a 750W system,
but LunaCycle hotrods it (reliably) to like 1300W.  Not sure what the BBS02
tops out at - it's officially a 1000W system.

It's possible hub motors get better peak efficiency, but mid drive e-bikes
have shown their superiority in real world use.

LunaCycle also makes battery packs with various 18650 cells with built-in
BMS.  Spend some time on their site.

Chris

On Sun, Apr 16, 2017 at 3:59 PM, Lawrence Rhodes via EV <[hidden email]>
wrote:

> Hello all,
> As some of you might know I have been obsessed with solar vehicles for a
> few years.  After the success of Team Einhoven  for many years I have a
> project which is 1/4 the size of their machine and for me a good place to
> start economically while doable physically.  I have found a source of solar
> cells on ebay(might not be the best quality but I didn't look long.  I can
> always change the supplier) 100 cells will give me a 355w panel at 50 to 60
> volts. 1/4 the power of Stella Lux.  I could run a 48v system.  Maybe a
> little more.  7 to 8 Leaf cells would give me 3.5 to 4kw system. 50.2 to 57
> volt system.  The panel would be roughly equivalent to the pack in voltage
> making the charging semi simple.  I have no experience charging lithium or
> in building a 3 foot by 6 foot solar panel but aside from this the main
> challenge will be encapsulating not only the solar cells but the trike to
> get very good coefficient of drag.  My speed will also be less.  I want to
> top out at 30mph level ground under power.  This vehicle will be a moped
> under California law maxing out at 2000 watts motive power.  I already
> bought the trike for 600 dollars.  The cells will cost less than 250
> dollars including shipping.  The Leaf cells of which I need 8 are
> negotiable.  Then the electric conversion kit for the Terra trike.  Charger
> and BMS.  If I have done my math I may get my 30mph top speed on level
> ground just using the solar panels.  But I'd be happy with 25 mph.  I need
> an efficient 2000 watt drive train. I'm leaning toward a hub motor. I need
> good BMS and charger and maybe an inverter or some way of putting power to
> the batteries without burning them up if I go old school bad boy.  Thanks
> for any advice. Lawrence Rhodeshttps://s-media-cache-
> ak0.pinimg.com/originals/5b/8f/f8/5b8ff8d7102813a71db79d470e7e52a9.jpg
> Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
>
>
> |
> |
> |
> |   |    |
>
>    |
>
>   |
> |
> |    |
> Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
>  All-weather trike  |   |
>
>   |
>
>   |
>
>  https://www.pinterest.com/pin/22447698114328862/
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> http://lists.evdl.org/listinfo.cgi/ev-evdl.org
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> Please discuss EV drag racing at NEDRA (http://groups.yahoo.com/
> group/NEDRA)
>
>
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Re: Solar trike project.

Electric Vehicle Discussion List mailing list
Hi Lawrence,
I hear your enthusiasm about building your own solar panel
And I have bought loose solar cells in the past also, but it is
exceedingly difficult
To make a *reliable* panel with loose cells, especially the first time
around.
If you do not mind to get your panel become flakey after a while and
re-doing
A new panel once a year or so then by all means, go ahead. It certainly
is a good way
To get respect for the workmanship of solar panel makers.
Don't forget that you will need some form of encapsulating cover for the
cells
As well as some backing (sticky) foil to avoid the cells are shifting
around.
Official panels always get an encapsulation of poured clear potting
material.
Old panels did not always use the best quality material and thus it
turned hazy,
Reducing power. You can buy the potting material in small quantities,
but my
Calculations show that for standard panels, DIY is cost prohibitive
compared to
Buying professionally made panels, in other words: only if you need a
special
Version of panel (shape or other characteristic forcing you to deviate
from standard)
Then it might make sense at greater cost to make your own.

Then the application: please be aware that while solar cells spec that
they deliver
Approx. 0.55V per cell, that is peak voltage at room temp.
If you want the cells to deliver max *power* output while actually
sitting in the hot sun
(voltage goes down with increasing temp) then you should count on closer
to 0.4V per cell
So a 100 cell panel will have an MPP (Max Power Point) of about 40V
That is why you see a standard 12V panel with 36 Cells, because then the
MPP will be
Above the voltage at which a 12V lead acid battery charges (approx. 14V)

Typically you size the panel to have its MPP voltage at or slightly
above the max battery
Voltage to make charging efficient. If there is a large difference in
voltage (panel much higher than the
Battery, then you can use a simple buck converter with an MPPT control
circuit to step it down and
Increase the charging current.
Obviously you can also use a Boost converter to step up, but if the
voltages cross over then you have a bit more of a design issue.
So the simplest is to design the panel slightly higher than the battery
voltage, even without electronics your charging will work
And a simple disconnecting circuit when the battery is full.
Hope this gives some ideas,
Cor.

-----Original Message-----
From: EV [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Chris Tromley
via EV
Sent: Sunday, April 16, 2017 2:18 PM
To: Lawrence Rhodes; Electric Vehicle Discussion List
Subject: Re: [EVDL] Solar trike project.

Lawrence,

Go to LunaCycle.com and look at the Bafang BBS02 mid drive.  These are
far more versatile than a hub motor because you can use the trike's
gearing, making real-life hills MUCH easier.  The BBS01 is officially a
750W system, but LunaCycle hotrods it (reliably) to like 1300W.  Not
sure what the BBS02 tops out at - it's officially a 1000W system.

It's possible hub motors get better peak efficiency, but mid drive
e-bikes have shown their superiority in real world use.

LunaCycle also makes battery packs with various 18650 cells with
built-in BMS.  Spend some time on their site.

Chris

On Sun, Apr 16, 2017 at 3:59 PM, Lawrence Rhodes via EV
<[hidden email]>
wrote:

> Hello all,
> As some of you might know I have been obsessed with solar vehicles for

> a few years.  After the success of Team Einhoven  for many years I
> have a project which is 1/4 the size of their machine and for me a
> good place to start economically while doable physically.  I have
> found a source of solar cells on ebay(might not be the best quality
> but I didn't look long.  I can always change the supplier) 100 cells
> will give me a 355w panel at 50 to 60 volts. 1/4 the power of Stella
> Lux.  I could run a 48v system.  Maybe a little more.  7 to 8 Leaf
> cells would give me 3.5 to 4kw system. 50.2 to 57 volt system.  The
> panel would be roughly equivalent to the pack in voltage making the
> charging semi simple.  I have no experience charging lithium or in
> building a 3 foot by 6 foot solar panel but aside from this the main
> challenge will be encapsulating not only the solar cells but the trike

> to get very good coefficient of drag.  My speed will also be less.  I
> want to top out at 30mph level ground under power.  This vehicle will
> be a moped under California law maxing out at 2000 watts motive power.

> I already bought the trike for 600 dollars.  The cells will cost less
> than 250 dollars including shipping.  The Leaf cells of which I need 8

> are negotiable.  Then the electric conversion kit for the Terra trike.

> Charger and BMS.  If I have done my math I may get my 30mph top speed
> on level ground just using the solar panels.  But I'd be happy with 25

> mph.  I need an efficient 2000 watt drive train. I'm leaning toward a
> hub motor. I need good BMS and charger and maybe an inverter or some
> way of putting power to the batteries without burning them up if I go
> old school bad boy.  Thanks for any advice. Lawrence
> Rhodeshttps://s-media-cache-
> ak0.pinimg.com/originals/5b/8f/f8/5b8ff8d7102813a71db79d470e7e52a9.jpg
> Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
>
>
> |
> |
> |
> |   |    |
>
>    |
>
>   |
> |
> |    |
> Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
>  All-weather trike  |   |
>
>   |
>
>   |
>
>  https://www.pinterest.com/pin/22447698114328862/
> -------------- next part -------------- An HTML attachment was
> scrubbed...
> URL: <http://lists.evdl.org/private.cgi/ev-evdl.org/
> attachments/20170416/1eeb95a9/attachment.htm>
> _______________________________________________
> UNSUBSCRIBE: http://www.evdl.org/help/index.html#usub
> http://lists.evdl.org/listinfo.cgi/ev-evdl.org
> Read EVAngel's EV News at http://evdl.org/evln/ Please discuss EV drag

> racing at NEDRA (http://groups.yahoo.com/
> group/NEDRA)
>
>
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Re: Solar trike project.

Electric Vehicle Discussion List mailing list
Hey Lawrence

I hand built a panel for my boat 5 years ago when panels were 3X expensive
over the cells. Although my panel still works well I wouldn't do it again
as prices have fallen so sharply the last few years.  As Cor mentioned your
max panel voltage should be higher than the cell pack so it can still
charge your batts on cloudy days.  I used 36 solar cells which gives about
18v max for my simple 12 volt setup.  Soldering 36 cells together was
tedious as they are oh-so-fragile, I didn't have feelings in the tips of my
fingers for weeks! :-)   For the panel enclosure I used a plastic from sign
making materials, a sheet of plexiglass, lexan and pressure treat treated
wood.  The first year of use it leaked but after doing the plexiglass to
lexan seal over with a better sealant it hasn't leaked since.  The light
weight flexible panels that are on the market today look great and would be
much lighter than anything that could be built.  Good luck on your project,
solar vehicles are feasible, my boat hasn't touched a plug in over 5 years!


Cheers
Dan

http://www.evalbum.com/3432

On Sun, Apr 16, 2017 at 8:39 PM, Cor van de Water via EV <[hidden email]>
wrote:

> Hi Lawrence,
> I hear your enthusiasm about building your own solar panel
> And I have bought loose solar cells in the past also, but it is
> exceedingly difficult
> To make a *reliable* panel with loose cells, especially the first time
> around.
> If you do not mind to get your panel become flakey after a while and
> re-doing
> A new panel once a year or so then by all means, go ahead. It certainly
> is a good way
> To get respect for the workmanship of solar panel makers.
> Don't forget that you will need some form of encapsulating cover for the
> cells
> As well as some backing (sticky) foil to avoid the cells are shifting
> around.
> Official panels always get an encapsulation of poured clear potting
> material.
> Old panels did not always use the best quality material and thus it
> turned hazy,
> Reducing power. You can buy the potting material in small quantities,
> but my
> Calculations show that for standard panels, DIY is cost prohibitive
> compared to
> Buying professionally made panels, in other words: only if you need a
> special
> Version of panel (shape or other characteristic forcing you to deviate
> from standard)
> Then it might make sense at greater cost to make your own.
>
> Then the application: please be aware that while solar cells spec that
> they deliver
> Approx. 0.55V per cell, that is peak voltage at room temp.
> If you want the cells to deliver max *power* output while actually
> sitting in the hot sun
> (voltage goes down with increasing temp) then you should count on closer
> to 0.4V per cell
> So a 100 cell panel will have an MPP (Max Power Point) of about 40V
> That is why you see a standard 12V panel with 36 Cells, because then the
> MPP will be
> Above the voltage at which a 12V lead acid battery charges (approx. 14V)
>
> Typically you size the panel to have its MPP voltage at or slightly
> above the max battery
> Voltage to make charging efficient. If there is a large difference in
> voltage (panel much higher than the
> Battery, then you can use a simple buck converter with an MPPT control
> circuit to step it down and
> Increase the charging current.
> Obviously you can also use a Boost converter to step up, but if the
> voltages cross over then you have a bit more of a design issue.
> So the simplest is to design the panel slightly higher than the battery
> voltage, even without electronics your charging will work
> And a simple disconnecting circuit when the battery is full.
> Hope this gives some ideas,
> Cor.
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: EV [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Chris Tromley
> via EV
> Sent: Sunday, April 16, 2017 2:18 PM
> To: Lawrence Rhodes; Electric Vehicle Discussion List
> Subject: Re: [EVDL] Solar trike project.
>
> Lawrence,
>
> Go to LunaCycle.com and look at the Bafang BBS02 mid drive.  These are
> far more versatile than a hub motor because you can use the trike's
> gearing, making real-life hills MUCH easier.  The BBS01 is officially a
> 750W system, but LunaCycle hotrods it (reliably) to like 1300W.  Not
> sure what the BBS02 tops out at - it's officially a 1000W system.
>
> It's possible hub motors get better peak efficiency, but mid drive
> e-bikes have shown their superiority in real world use.
>
> LunaCycle also makes battery packs with various 18650 cells with
> built-in BMS.  Spend some time on their site.
>
> Chris
>
> On Sun, Apr 16, 2017 at 3:59 PM, Lawrence Rhodes via EV
> <[hidden email]>
> wrote:
>
> > Hello all,
> > As some of you might know I have been obsessed with solar vehicles for
>
> > a few years.  After the success of Team Einhoven  for many years I
> > have a project which is 1/4 the size of their machine and for me a
> > good place to start economically while doable physically.  I have
> > found a source of solar cells on ebay(might not be the best quality
> > but I didn't look long.  I can always change the supplier) 100 cells
> > will give me a 355w panel at 50 to 60 volts. 1/4 the power of Stella
> > Lux.  I could run a 48v system.  Maybe a little more.  7 to 8 Leaf
> > cells would give me 3.5 to 4kw system. 50.2 to 57 volt system.  The
> > panel would be roughly equivalent to the pack in voltage making the
> > charging semi simple.  I have no experience charging lithium or in
> > building a 3 foot by 6 foot solar panel but aside from this the main
> > challenge will be encapsulating not only the solar cells but the trike
>
> > to get very good coefficient of drag.  My speed will also be less.  I
> > want to top out at 30mph level ground under power.  This vehicle will
> > be a moped under California law maxing out at 2000 watts motive power.
>
> > I already bought the trike for 600 dollars.  The cells will cost less
> > than 250 dollars including shipping.  The Leaf cells of which I need 8
>
> > are negotiable.  Then the electric conversion kit for the Terra trike.
>
> > Charger and BMS.  If I have done my math I may get my 30mph top speed
> > on level ground just using the solar panels.  But I'd be happy with 25
>
> > mph.  I need an efficient 2000 watt drive train. I'm leaning toward a
> > hub motor. I need good BMS and charger and maybe an inverter or some
> > way of putting power to the batteries without burning them up if I go
> > old school bad boy.  Thanks for any advice. Lawrence
> > Rhodeshttps://s-media-cache-
> > ak0.pinimg.com/originals/5b/8f/f8/5b8ff8d7102813a71db79d470e7e52a9.jpg
> > Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
> >
> >
> > |
> > |
> > |
> > |   |    |
> >
> >    |
> >
> >   |
> > |
> > |    |
> > Utah Trikes - Jim's Fargo
> >  All-weather trike  |   |
> >
> >   |
> >
> >   |
> >
> >  https://www.pinterest.com/pin/22447698114328862/
> > -------------- next part -------------- An HTML attachment was
> > scrubbed...
> > URL: <http://lists.evdl.org/private.cgi/ev-evdl.org/
> > attachments/20170416/1eeb95a9/attachment.htm>
> > _______________________________________________
> > UNSUBSCRIBE: http://www.evdl.org/help/index.html#usub
> > http://lists.evdl.org/listinfo.cgi/ev-evdl.org
> > Read EVAngel's EV News at http://evdl.org/evln/ Please discuss EV drag
>
> > racing at NEDRA (http://groups.yahoo.com/
> > group/NEDRA)
> >
> >
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> racing at NEDRA (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/NEDRA)
>
> _______________________________________________
> UNSUBSCRIBE: http://www.evdl.org/help/index.html#usub
> http://lists.evdl.org/listinfo.cgi/ev-evdl.org
> Read EVAngel's EV News at http://evdl.org/evln/
> Please discuss EV drag racing at NEDRA (http://groups.yahoo.com/
> group/NEDRA)
>
>
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